lunedì 11 aprile 2016

Neurogenderings: is brain sexed?

Margaret M. McCarthy introduces the special issue of Philosophical Transactions B of the Royal Society (February 2016) with her work titled Multifaceted Origins of Sex Differences in the Brain. This special issue is a combination of original research reports, expert reviews and opinion pieces. The goal is to provide in one place as many different perspectives on the question of brain sex differences as can be reasonably achieved, so that the interested reader can reach their own conclusions. Studies of sex differences in the brain range from reductionistic cell and molecular analyses in animal models to functional imaging in awake human subjects, with many other levels in between. Read more HERE...
Interpretations and conclusions about the importance of particular differences often vary with differing levels of analyses and can lead to discord and dissent. In the past two decades, the range of neurobiological, psychological and psychiatric endpoints found to differ between males and females has expanded beyond reproduction into every aspect of the healthy and diseased brain, and thereby demands our attention. A greater understanding of all aspects of neural functioning will only be achieved by incorporating sex as a biological variable. The goal of this review is to highlight the current state of the art of the discipline of sex differences research with an emphasis on the brain and to contextualize the articles appearing in the accompanying special issue. 

Nessun commento:

Posta un commento